Diagnosis and Treatment for a Range of Eye Diseases


Cataracts

The crystalline lenses of your eyes are composed of protein and water. As you age, these protein cells may begin to clump. As these protein clusters grow larger, they will gradually obscure your vision. Fortunately, there is an extremely safe and effective treatment that can restore your vision and reduce or eliminate the need for glasses. During cataract surgery, your doctor will use the Alcon LenSx® laser system to remove your old lens and replace it with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL).


An older woman with clear vision

Glaucoma

Glaucoma involves abnormally high pressure within your eye. There are two types of glaucoma: open-angle and closed-angle. If you suffer from open-angle glaucoma, the natural drainage channel in your eye is open, but it may be partially blocked or clogged. Closed-angle glaucoma is a condition that occurs when your iris changes shape and completely blocks your drainage channel. We provide numerous glaucoma treatments, including eye drops, stents, and laser therapy, and we will always begin with the most conservative option.


Diabetic Retinopathy

If you have diabetes, you are at a higher risk for serious eye conditions, like diabetic retinopathy. The disease occurs when damaged blood vessels leak into the eye, blocking the path of light to the retina. In some cases, these fluids can also cause swelling of the macula, the central portion of the retina that allows you to see fine details. We offer several treatments for diabetic retinopathy, including injection therapy, laser therapy using the state-of-the-art MicroPulse™ laser, and advanced microsurgical procedures. 


Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration causes the structure of your retina to break down. In patients with AMD, deposits called drusen accumulate on the macula. This form of the disease is known as dry AMD. If left untreated, the condition may progress to wet AMD, which occurs when abnormal blood vessels grow beneath the retina and leak into the eye. With early diagnosis and treatment we can slow or even halt the breakdown of your retina. Nutrition supplements and dietary changes are the most common treatments, although laser therapy and injection therapy can be very effective options for wet AMD.


Retinal Detachment

When light passes through your eye, it focuses on the retina. This thin sheet of tissues converts light into electrical signals, and the optic nerve transmits them to the brain. Because of the retina’s vital function, retinal detachment is a serious, sight-threatening concern. However, full detachment is usually preceded by a retinal tear, which has obvious symptoms. These include flashes and floaters, as well as shadows across your visual field. If you notice these symptoms, you should contact us immediately.


A close-up photo of an older man's eye

Macular Holes

As you age, the vitreous inside your eye may shrink. In most cases, this does not affect your vision, but if the vitreous sticks to your retina, it could tear the macula, which is located in the center of the retina. When this occurs, you may notice a blind spot in the center of your vision field, vision distortion, or an inability to distinguish details. Our doctors will remove the vitreous from your eye and replace it with a gas bubble, which will push the macula back into the proper position. As your eye heals, the vitreous will regenerate.


A keratoconus illustration

Keratoconus

If you suffer from keratoconus, the shape of your cornea has changed, developing a conical appearance. When this happens, you can develop nearsightedness or astigmatism, and you may also struggle with blurred vision, light sensitivity, glare, and vision distortion. Fortunately, we offer a number of effective treatments for this disease. We typically begin with new glasses or contacts. If these prove ineffective, we may recommend corneal crosslinking to strengthen the cornea. In severe cases, a cornea transplant may be the best option.  


Hypertensive Retinopathy

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, can have serious effects on many systems throughout the body including the eyes. Hypertensive retinopathy, the most common related ocular condition, can lead to vision loss. In addition to elevated blood pressure, risk factors include obesity, smoking, stress, and a family history of the disease. Although attaining a healthier blood pressure is the best treatment, our doctors may diagnose medications to aid in the management of the condition. 


Retinitis Pigmentosa

Retinitis pigmentosa affects the light-sensitive tissue that lines the back of the eye. The inherited disease is rare but can have serious consequences for a sufferer's vision. Initial signs include poor night vision and a narrowing field of sight. Eventually, only a small area of central vision will remain and the condition may result in blindness. If you have been diagnosed with retinitis pigmentosa, your doctor will monitor your condition using a series of specialized tests.


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